Comprehensive Guide to Implementing Antibacterial Treatment on PET Films


Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) is a thermoplastic polymer widely used in packaging, fibers, and many other industrial fields. Due to its excellent physical and chemical properties, PET film holds a significant position in the market. However, with consumers’ increasing attention to health and hygiene, imparting antibacterial properties to PET films has become an important research direction. This article will detail various processes for implementing antibacterial treatment on PET films.

1. Antibacterial Coatings

1.1 Nanosilver Coating

Nanosilver is a highly efficient antibacterial agent that can effectively inhibit the growth of various bacteria and viruses. Applying a nanosilver coating on the surface of PET films can be achieved through methods such as solution coating, spraying, or electrochemical deposition. Among them, solution coating is a simple and effective method; it only requires dispersing nanosilver particles in a solvent, and then uniformly applying it to the PET film surface using brushing or roll coating.

1.2 Polymer Antibacterial Coating

Embed antibacterial agents such as quaternary ammonium salts or triazine compounds into the polymer matrix, and then apply it to the PET film. This method can provide durable antibacterial performance while adjusting other properties, such as flexibility and transparency, by selecting different polymers and antibacterial agents.

1.3 Enzyme Coating

Utilize enzymes with antibacterial properties (such as lysozyme) to coat PET films. Enzymes can decompose bacterial cell walls, thereby achieving the purpose of sterilization. This method is environmentally friendly and safe, but may require specific conditions to maintain enzyme activity.

2. Chemical Modification

2.1 Surface Grafting

Graft molecules with antibacterial groups onto the surface of PET films through chemical reactions. This can be achieved by methods such as irradiation, chemical oxidation, or plasma treatment. The grafted surface will have durable antibacterial performance.

2.2 Plasma Treatment

Using plasma treatment can change the properties of the PET film surface, increasing its adsorption capacity for antibacterial agents. This method provides antibacterial functionality without altering the film’s inherent properties.

3. Composite Materials

Evenly disperse antibacterial particles such as metal oxide nanoparticles in the PET matrix, and prepare antibacterial films through methods such as extrusion or casting.

4. Biological Modification

Use natural antibacterial substances (such as bacteriocins) to modify PET films. This method is generally more environmentally friendly, but may require optimization of conditions to ensure the stability and durability of antibacterial substances.


Imparting antibacterial properties to PET films not only enhances their market value but also provides additional safety assurance in fields such as medical and food packaging. Choosing the appropriate antibacterial treatment process requires comprehensive consideration of cost, safety, and performance needs. Through the separate or combined application of the above methods, efficient and durable antibacterial effects can be achieved, meeting the application needs of different fields.

Learn more about membrane switches and graphic overlays products.

If you would like to apply antimicrobial technology to membrane switches and graphic overlays, please contact our technical team.


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